Most types of cancer can be prevented by healthy habits at a young age and avoid the factors that cause cancer.
Although the exact cause of cancer is not known, everyone can take steps to prevent a healthy lifestyle and avoid the causes of cancer:
1. Regarding the food:
- Reduce the excessive fatty foods
- More eating fibrous foods.
- More eating colored vegetables and fruits, several times a day
- More eating fresh foods
- Reduce foods that have been preserved or stored too long
- Limit alcoholic beverages
2. Avoid yourself from sexually transmitted diseases
3. Avoid the habit of smoking. For smokers: quitting smoking.
4. Strive to balance life and avoid stress
5. Consult regularly and regularly health.
Cause of cancer
Substances contained in cigarette smoke can cause various types of cancer in smokers and passive smokers (non smokers who do not accidentally inhale cigarette smoke of others) in the long term. Chemicals for industrial and smoke containing carbon compounds can increase the likelihood of an industrial worker suffering from cancer.
Ultra violet rays from the sun can cause skin cancer. Radioactive rays, X rays or excessive radiation beam can cause skin cancer and leukemia.
Some types of viruses closely related to changes in normal cells into cancer cells. This type of virus called a virus or oncogenic viruses cause cancer.
Hormones are substances produced glands of the body whose function is to regulate the activities of organs of a particular membrane. In some studies note that the administration of certain hormones in excess can lead to increased incidence of some cancers such as breast, uterus, ovary and prostate (male sex glands).
Substances or chemicals found in certain foods can cause cancers such as old food stored and mildew can be contaminated by aflatoxin. Aflatoxin is a substance produced fungus Aspergillus flavus that can increase the risk of liver cancer.
Examination and Treatment of Cancer
For which there is suspicion, then checks to do are:
• Examination of cytology and anatomical pathology
• Tests signs of cancer in the blood
• Mammography (x-rays for breast)
• Ultrasound / Ultrasound (photographing the inside of the tool body)
• Endoscopy (observation of the inner organs)
• Colposcopy (observation of the cervix)
• Laparoscopic (observation of the abdominal cavity)
• Shooting the layers of the body by means of CT Scan, MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
Cancer treatment consists of one or a combination of the following procedures:
• Surgery (operation)
• Radiation (Radio-therapy)
• Use of drugs killing cancer cells (sitostatika / chemotherapy)
• Improved immune system (immunotherapy)
• Treatment with hormones
• organ transplant.
• Stem Cell
Results of treatment mainly depends on the stage or degree of cancer