Saturday, May 26, 2012

Vertigo is basically not a disease

Vertigo is basically not a disease but a symptom of the underlying a particular health condition. 

Symptom 
Vertigo is a symptom of a medical condition characterized by a sensation of dizziness are not desirable.Vertigo makes the body was pulled from one side to another and is often exacerbated by the sensation of spinning.Depending on the cause, symptoms usually include nausea, vertigo and balance disorders are accompanied by headache, sensitive to light, muscle aches, and fatigue.Some conditions that cause vertigo such as Meniere's disease is usually accompanied by ringing in the ears, hearing loss, or pressure in the ear. 

Cause 
The most common cause of vertigo is a disorder of the vestibular system is also commonly referred to as benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV).In the case of BPPV, calcium deposits in the ear to move from its normal position at the head of the posterior semicircular canal.Another cause of vertigo is Cogan's syndrome in which the connective tissue in the cornea is inflamed, and Meniere's disease is caused by fluid pressure changes contained in the inner ear.In some cases, excessive use of certain medications such as antibiotics, antineoplastics, and antidepressants can cause ototoxicity, or poisoning the ear that trigger vertigo.Other causes of vertigo include the central vestibular system disorders including migraine, head trauma, tumors, multiple sclerosis, and stroke. 

Treatment
Vertigo treatment focuses on treating the underlying condition.If caused by medication, discontinue its use is usually enough to relieve the vertigo.If it is caused by BPPV, the most effective treatment is through the canalith repositioning procedure, also known as the Epley maneuver.This procedure involves a series of maneuvers (moving) head to remove calcium deposits from the posterior semicircular channel to another part of the ear canal. 

Vertigo can be treated by vestibular rehabilitation therapy involving a series of specific exercises which are guided by a physical therapist that is designed to minimize dizziness.The effectiveness of therapy depends on various factors, including age and health condition of patients, the severity of the condition, and cognitive function of patients.If vertigo is caused by bacterial infection, antibiotic ear drops may be prescribed.If caused by Meniere's disease, taking diuretics and reducing salt intake can help reduce the complaints.Finally, talk to your doctor about the best treatments. Each individual may have a different case and requires different types of treatment.

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