Thursday, February 23, 2012

Benefits of Sunflowers


Sunflowers a bright yellow plant, with a large flower head (can reach 30 cm diameter). This flower is actually a compound flower, consisting of hundreds to thousands of small flowers on one button. Sunflower also has a typical behavior, namely the interest is always facing the sun or heliotropisme.

This plant has been cultivated by the Indians of North America for thousands of years ago. Subsequently spread to South America and became a source of food for the citizens of Inka. After the conquest by the Europeans, sunflower was introduced to Europe and around the world in the 6th century. Since the 17th century a mixture of seeds used in breads or as a substitute for coffee and chocolate. Its use as a source of oil began in the 19th century. Seasonal plants from the tropical north America (Mexico), height 3m to 5m depending on the variety. Single leaf width. These rods are usually covered with coarse hair, straight, rarely branched.

Structured compound of sunflowers :
There are two types of flowers: the edge of the flower or flower petal tongue that brings a bright yellow, sterile, tube and flower and produce fertile seeds. This number could reach 2000 tube flower petals in a single bunch of flowers. Open pollination (cross) and assisted by insects. On a sunny day, bunches of compound interest to follow the daily movement of the Sun (the original name of this plant), whose symptoms are called heliotropisme. Plant photosynthetic gain 10% more because of this movement.
Brackets fruits fruit (achene). Hard-walled fruit is somewhat dry and not too thick, it is often mistaken for flowers 'seeds' of the Sun, because it can not be easily distinguished. True seed lies within, are protected by a shell of similar pieces.

There are four groups of flower cultivation for the Sun which is distinguished by its use. Cultivars that are assembled are usually directed at one specific purpose only.

  1. Group of oil, seed oil is used. Seeds of this group has a thin seed shells. Oil content ranged from 48% to 52%. To produce one liter of oil from the seeds required about 60 bunches of compound interest
  2. Groups of animal feed, leaf harvested as feed or green manure.
  3. Groups of ornamental plants, which have different petal colors and has many flowering branches,
  4. Group of watermelon seeds, to harvest the seeds as food.
Contents of sunflower :
  1. Flowers efficacious as antipyretic, hypotensive, lowering blood pressure, reduce pain (analgesic), painful menstruation (dysmenorrhoe), abdominal pain (stomach pain), headache, toothache, abdominal pain, high blood pressure, inflammation of the breast (topical) , arthritis (topical), cosmetics (to prevent premature aging), and forced labor.
  2. Efficacious as an anti-inflammatory, analgesic, diuretic antitussive, cough, kidney stones, bronchitis, leucorrhoea (leucorrhoe), anti-inflammatory, urine laxative, cough, and pain in the roots.
  3. Leaves efficacious as anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antipyretic anti-inflammatory, reduces pain, and anti-malaria.
  4. Anti nutritious seeds as dysentery, arouse appetite, lethargy, headaches, bloody dysentery, stimulate the secretion of body fluids (hormones, enzymes, etc..), Induced stimulation of measles (measles).
As mentioned in the cultivation of the group, especially the use of sunflower oil is a source of food and industry. As food, sunflower oil suitable for frying, thicken, and salad mix. Sun flower oil is rich in linoleic acid (C18: 2), unsaturated fatty acids are good for human health.

Interests like the oil technique with high levels of oleic acid is higher and there is also a sunflower cultivars that produce oil with such quality (containing 80% to 90% oleic acid, while the cultivar for food has only 25% oleic acid). Derived from pumpkin seeds sunflower seeds contain vitamin B1 (thiamin), vitamin B5, vitamin E, folic acid, and various minerals such as manganese, phosphorus, selenium, potassium, calcium, sodium, magnesium, copper.

The content of vitamin E in that it helps maintain healthy skin (smooth and help cell regeneration), healthy hair, and eyes. Not only that, vitamin E is also beneficial to enhance the detoxification of the body, prevents cancer, reduces asthma, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, reducing risk of colon cancer, diabetes complications, and reduce levels of bad cholesterol (LDL) in blood.

Meanwhile, magnesium help nerve function, prevent bone loss and prevent muscle spasms.
Selenium is beneficial for lowering blood pressure, prevent headaches or migraine, and may reduce heart disease and stroke.

Sunflower seeds can also be processed into vegetable oil with olive oil, so it can be widely used as a substitute for vegetable oil. The best quality oils obtained from seeds of varieties of black oil content ranged from 50 to 60 percent.
The women usually already know some of the properties of vitamin E such as for skin regeneration,smoothes and makes your skin more youthful and beautiful. But vitamin E has many functions and other properties are very important.

Vitamin E is an antioxidant which is important for the body. Spread throughout the body to neutralize free radicals that can damage cells and also repair damaged DNA structure. Requirement for vitamin E can reduce the symptoms of asthma, osteoarthritis and rheumatism. It has also been reported to reduce the risk of colon cancer, lower levels of symptoms of heartburn is often experienced by menopausal women, and reduce the complications of diabetes.
Vitamin E is also known to help fight cholesterol much cholesterol (LDL) in blood. And some research suggests that increased consumption of vitamin E can boost the immune system.
Rich in Magnesium, Selenium, and Copper.

Magnesium is needed for healthy bones and energy production. Approximately two-thirds of the body's magnesium is found in our bones. Some are used to strengthen bone structure, and the rest is stored in the bone surface that can "grab" at any time if needed. Magnesium works to balance the body's calcium, which helps to relax muscles and nerves, and prevent muscle spasms. Several studies have shown that magnesium helps reduce the symptoms of asthma, blood pressure, and prevent headaches / migraines, but also reduces the risk of heart disease and stroke.

Selenium, along with vitamin E, helps maintain healthy skin, hair and eyes as well. It is also believed to enhance the detoxification of the body and help prevent cancer.

Copper is needed for blood and bone formation, production of melanin pigment of skin and hair, and the release of energy from food.

Folic acid for the fetus:
For women who want to become pregnant, should consume lots of foods containing folic acid (folic acid) at least two months before planning a pregnancy. Folic acid is essential for the formation and development of red blood cells and brain cells in the fetus begins to form at 3-4 weeks of pregnancy. Folic acid is also known to protect against the risk of babies born with neural tube defects and the blood levels of homocysteine. High homocysteine
​​levels are known as risk factors for heart disease.
Folic acid deficiency are at risk of babies born with neural tube cable / brain and spinal cord.

In addition to those mentioned above, seed sunflower also contains various vitamins and minerals such as vitamin B1 (thiamin), vitamin B5, manganese, and phosphorus.
During these sunflower seeds pumpkin seeds are known as material. Whereas sunflower seeds actually have a rich nutrient content that can not be underestimated. On sunflower seeds contain protein, phosphorous, fat, magnesium, iron and potassium.

Levels of fat in sunflower seeds reached 50%, when we mix with milk and processed products, sunflower seeds can full food for the body's cells. If the crushed sunflower seeds will remove the oil, this oil contains acids likolat useful for reducing cholesterol deposits on artery walls.

Consume oil from sunflower seeds to eat a lot healthier than butter-fat solids. Iron content in it is able to prevent anemia without making us fatter. Suitable for those who are dieting but do not want to get anemia.

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